What are Optative Sentences?
Optative sentences are those which express hope, wish, prayer. These sentences take an exclamation mark either after an interjection or at the end of sentence. Let’s look at the examples:
She said, “May God be your on your side”
Old man said, “would that I were young again”
He said, “Good morning sir!”
Now, lets change above optative sentences into indirect speech.
She prayed that God might be on my side.
Old man wished that he were young again.
She wished good morning to her teacher.
Reported Speech Rules for Optative Sentences
Let’s study how to change optative sentences from direct speech into indirect speech.
- Understand the mood of sentence, whether it expresses wish, hope or prayer.
- If the reported speech starts with the word ‘may’, change it into word ‘prayed’ and omit the verb ‘said’
- If the reported speech starts with the word ‘would’, replace it with the word ‘wished’ and omit the reporting verb ‘said’, from sentence
- The word ‘May’ is changed into ‘Might’
- Mark of exclamation is replaced with full stop.
- The form of sentence is changed from exclamatory into assertive sentence.
List of optative words that are used in place of reporting verb ‘said’.
|Optative words||'Said' is replaced with|
|May/ May God||Prayed|
|O that/O for||Wished|
Now study optative sentences examples below.
|Direct Speech||Indirect Speech|
|She said, "May God bless you!"||He said to me, "May you get success in exam!"|
|Father said, "May God bless you, my son!"||Father prayed that God might bless me.|
|He said, "May God protect you always"||He prayed that God might protect me always.|
|She said, "would that my son were a doctor"||She wished that her son were a doctor.|
|My father said to me, "May you top in exam"||My father prayed that I might top in exam.|
|Alex said to Mark, "Would that you were at hospital!"||Alex wished that I were at hospital.|
|He said to me, "May you be respected everywhere!"||He prayed that I might be respected everywhere.|
|Teacher said, "May my students get top positions!"||Teacher wished that his students might get top positions.|
|Sister said,"May God protect you, my brother!"||Sister prayed that God might protect his brother.|
|My wife said,"Would that we were blessed with more sons!"||My wife wished that we were blessed with more sons.|
|The beggar said,"May God reward you more!"||The beggar prayed that God might reward me more.|
|The watchman said, "Would that I were not asleep!"||The watchman wished that he were not asleep.
|Old lady said,"May God help you in difficult times!"||Old lady prayed that God might help me difficult times.|
|Old man said,"Would that my son were alive!"||Old man wished that his son were alive.
|Little kid said, "Would that my mother were healthy today!"||Little kid wished that his mother were healthy that day.|
|Student said, "Good morning sir!"||Student wished respectfully good morning to teacher.|
|Old lady said,"O for the sight of my son"||Old lady wished for the sight of his son.|