Direct and Indirect Speech

direct and indirect speech rules. Examples

Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11.

It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide you best understanding of the topic.

Direct Indirect Speech Introductory Video

Before we start our learning, let’s have a look at this video.


What is Narration?

Narration is statement of words or conversation of a speaker. Conversation can be between two people or as many as possible. Telling or addressing words of speaker is known as narration. Those words can be narrated in a few ways and those ways are covered under this topic. Let’s have a look at different types of narrations (also called types of speech)

Please Note That Narrations are also called speech and we will be using word speech instead of Narration.

Types of Speech

There are mainly two types of speech

  1. Direct Speech
  2. Indirect Speech

Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech

As words itself describe that direct indirect speech are opposite to each other. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits.

What is Direct Speech?

Direct words means no any alternative way and speech means telling. So, saying exact words, as told by someone is direct speech. Let’s make it simple. If I said that “I have many friends” and Robert explains it to Richard quoting same words with my reference as:

Admin said, “I have many friends”

It is direct speech, because no change is made with my words. Now let’s learn Definition of Direct Speech. It says:

Direct Speech is the form of speech where you can convey the exact statement of a person in his own words.

Hopefully you have understood context of definition in a simple way, let’s have a look at examples now:

He said to me, “You are not ill.”

I will say to teacher, “I have remembered lesson.”

The Direct speech sentence has two parts;

  • Reporting speech.
  • Reported speech.

Words used before inverted commas are the Reporting Speech. It is part of sentence which shows conversation background. As in above example reporting speech tells context of story that conversation was happened between him and myself.
Words in inverted commas are Reported Speech. Reported word shows that words which were used in conversation. In Direct speech those words are exactly as spoken by speaker himself/herself.
Let’s have a look at few Examples of Reporting Speech and Reported Speech in below given table:

Reporting Speech Reported Speech
I said to him, “I am unwell today.”
Gregory said, “Empty the till for me, please.”

What is Indirect Speech?

Indirect speech is a form of speech where a person conveys his experience of some specific event, situation or refers to a person in his own words. It is written without quotation marks.

It was bookish definition to question, let’s explain it in simple words. If words spoken by someone are narrated or told by anyone else in his own way or style is called indirect speech. We will take same example which was taken for direct speech. If I said that “I have many friends” and Robert explains it to Richard quoting those words in his way with my reference as:

Admin said to me that he has many friends.

It is now indirect speech because words are not exact he used suitable pronouns and my exact words with exact pronouns are not narrated.

That’s to say indirect speech is the interpretation of an event or situation by a person, in his own words.
Let’s take a few examples.

He told me that I was not ill.

I will tell teacher that I have remembered lesson.

Main Points of Indirect speech

  1. In indirect speech commas (,) will replaced with: to, if, that etc.
  2. The reported speech will not be covered in inverted commas or quotation marks (“”) because words are not exactly as quoted.
  3. Reporting verb (e.g. Said) will be replaced with (told, commanded, ordered, advised, replied, admitted, inquired or insisted, etc). Please note that reporting verb is verb used in reporting speech of direct speech.
  4. First Person pronoun is converted into third person pronoun.

Changes in Reported Speech

Here are a few words (Pronouns, Prepositions) which will be changed in reported speech of indirect speech.

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
I He / She
Me Him / Her
My His / Her
We They
Us Them
Our Their
Here There
Now Then
Today That day
Yesterday Previous day
Tomorrow The day before
The next day
The following day
Ago Before
Last Previous
This That
These Those
Hence Thence
Thus So
Just Then
Before After

Words such as Now, today, yesterday, tomorrow, ago, last, this, these, hence, thus, just, before are changed only if reporting speech is in Past tense. If reporting speech is in present tense or future tense, these words will be changed (or remain same) depending upon conditions.

Main Points

  1. The reporting verb (say) will be added when you are not mentioning hearer.
    E.g. His boss said that he could be there early.
  2. The reporting verb (tell) will be added when we are mentioning hearer.
    E.g. His boss told her that he could be there early.
  3. Pronouns are changed in reported speech as needed in reporting speech. Such as:

I said to him,”You are not helping me.” will be converted as:

I told him that he was not helping me.

HereΒ YOU is converted intoΒ He because speaker was talking toΒ HIM.

Examples

Direct indirect speech examples

Direct & Indirect Speech is an integral part of English study. It is equally essential for school students, college studies and university studies.

Direct & Indirect speech has specific rules of study like a reported speech for assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. In addition to that reported speech rules with tense changes, pronoun changes and modal verbs etc. must be studied.

Rules

Rule No. 1 – If Reporting Speech is in Present Tense:

If reporting speech is in present tense or future tense , verb in reported speech will not be changed and remains same. Only pronouns will be changed accordingly. Here are few examples:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He says, “I am ill.” He says to me that he is ill
You say to me,”My brother is very kind to me.” You tell me that your brother is very kind to you.
They will say, “We don’t work hard.” They will say that they don’t work hard.
He says to me, “I have passed the examination in A grade.” He tells me that he has passed examination in A grade.
She says, “My book is new.” She says that her book is new.
You say, “I speak truth,” You say that you speak truth.
He says to her, “I love you.” He tells her that he loves her.
I say to the teacher, “I respect you.” I tell the teacher that I respect him/her.
They say to me, “You can not help them.” They tell me that I can not help them.
I say to her, “You hate me.” I say to her that she hates me.
We say to them, “You are not helping us.” We tell them that they are not helping us.
She says to me, “I can do so for you.” She tells me that she can do so for me.
You say to him, “I am going there now.” You tell him that you are coming here then.
He says to her, “You have done me a favor.” He tells her that she has done him a favor.
He says to you, “I may come to you soon.” He tells you that she may come to you soon.

Direct & Indirect Speech

Before moving forward let’s solve one exercise:

Direct Indirect Speech Exercise 1

Click on Start button and start the quiz.

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Direct Indirect Speech Exercise 1

1 / 15

She says, "My father is going with me."

2 / 15

The doctor say, "He had already seen many patients."

3 / 15

She says, "I have been eating rice since last evening."

4 / 15

He say, "I live with my parents."

5 / 15

The say, "We were going to school on foot."

6 / 15

Ali says, "I shall leave for Mumbai early in the morning."

7 / 15

They say, "God helps those who help themselves."

8 / 15

We say, "We have been working since morning."

9 / 15

They say, "We have bought a bungalow in Wuhan."

10 / 15

He will say, "My daughter will look after her."

11 / 15

He says, "Man is mortal."

12 / 15

You say, "I bought it of my own accord."

13 / 15

We say, " We play a match everyday."

14 / 15

She says, "It will have been raining in Lahore since midnight."

15 / 15

The doctor says to him, "She will not test my eyes."

Your score is

The average score is 58%

0%

 

Rule No. 2 – If Reporting Speech is in Past and Reported is not

If Reporting verb is in Past tense and Reported speech is not in past tense (it is either present of future) this rule will be applicable only then.

According to this rule, Reported speech will change into past form. Such as, Present indefinite into past indefinite, Present perfect into past perfect tense. Same way “WILL or SHALL” will be converted into WOULD or SHOULD accordingly.

Here is procedure to solve such question:

Procedure to Solve
1. Reporting verb said will remain same or can be changed to told, asked etc.

2. Comma and quotation marks (inverted comma) should be replaced by word “THAT”

3. Change Pronouns (Subject and Object) as described above.

4. Change Tense accordingly.

5. Other changes will be according to standard rules.

Changes in Tenses According to Rule 2

Direct Speech (Reported) Tense Indirect Speech Tense (Reported)
Present Indefinite Tense Past Indefinite Tense
Present Continuous Tense Past Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense
Is/am/are Was/were
Have/Has Had
Will/Shall Would/Should
May Might
Can Could

Solved Examples:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said, “I am unwell today.” He said that he was unwell that day.
He said, “I am writing a letter now.” He said that he was writing a letter then.
He said to me, “I am glad to be here this evening.” He said that he was glad to be there that evening
He said to me, “I have done your work.” He told me that he had done my work.
He said to me, “I have often told you not to play with fire.” He told me that he had often told me not to play with fire
He said to you, “You are liar.” He told me that you were a liar
The doctor said to him, “I shall not test your eyes.” The doctor told him that he would not test his eyes.
She wrote to me, “I am writing and longing for your return.” She wrote to me that she was writing and longing for my return.
He said to me, “I don’t believe you.” He told me that he did not believe me.
He said to me, “I will avenge to your wrongs.” He told me that he would avenge my wrongs.
I said to him, “You can not leave me now.” I told him that he could not leave me then.
You said to me, “You have broken your promise.” You told me that I had broken my promise.
They said to me, “We are here to help you.” They told me that they were there to help me.
I said to them, “You will come to us.” I told them that they would come to us.
They said to me, “You can go now.” They told me that I could go then.

Exercise 2

Let’s solve a exercise from Rule No. 2, we just learnt:

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Direct and Indirect Speech Exercise 2

1 / 14

She said to me, "I am your next-door neighbor."

2 / 14

She said to me, "Sir, I have been living there in that house since January 23."

3 / 14

The lion said to the fox, "Many animals come here everyday."

4 / 14

You said to him, "Yes, she is ill."

5 / 14

The employee said, "It is the Birthday of my boss today."

6 / 14

You said, "I am not feeling well today."

7 / 14

They said to us, "We respect you very much."

8 / 14

The teacher said, "Virtue is its own reward"

9 / 14

"Now It is my turn" He said to them, "To sit behind this chair"

10 / 14

The teacher said to us, "It is 9' O Clock by my watch now."

11 / 14

She said to me, "Well you may go now."

12 / 14

She said to my son, "You are wasting my time these days."

13 / 14

He said to me, "No, you are not at fault"

14 / 14

He said, "It will rain tonight"

Your score is

The average score is 66%

0%

Rule 3 – Universal Truth

If Reporting verb is in past tense and there is any universal truth in reported speech. It will remain same.

Universal Truth is any statement which doesn’t get affected with time and remain same forever.

Here is how to solve such sentences:

Procedure to Solve
1. Reporting verb said will remain same or can be changed to told, asked etc.

2. Comma and quotation marks (inverted comma) should be replaced by word “THAT”

3. Reported speech will remain same.

Solved Examples:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said, “The earth moves round the sun.” He said that the earth moves round the sun.
He said, “God is gracious.” He said that God is gracious.
He said, “There are four seasons in a year.” He said that there are four seasons in a year.
They said, “The Summer is hot.” They said that the summer is hot.
She said, “Karachi is biggest city of Pakistan.” She said that Karachi is biggest city of Pakistan
He said to me, “The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is the last messenger of God.” He told me that the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) is the last messenger of God.
I said to him, “Trump is president of USA.” I told him that Trump is president of USA.
He said to me, “There are seven days in a week.” He told me that there are seven days in a week.
You said to him, “China is biggest country of the world.” You told him that China is biggest country of the world.
He said, “Riadh is the Capital of KSA.” He said that Riadh is capital of KSA.
I said to him, “There are twelve months in a year.” I told him that there are twelve months in a year.
He said, “The sun moves round the Milky Way.” He said that the sun moves round the milky way.
I said, “There are fifty two weeks in a year.” I said that there are fifty two weeks in a year.
He said to me, “Rani Kot is biggest fort in the world.” He told me that Rani kot is biggest fort in the world.
I said to him, “The winter is a cool season.” I told him that the winter is a cool season.

Exercise 3

Let’s solve a exercise from Rule No. 3, we just learnt:

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Direct and Indirect Quiz 3 - Universal Truth

1 / 14

He said, "Man is Mortal."

2 / 14

I said to him, "Islam is religion of Peace."

3 / 14

I said to him, "There are seven days in a week."

4 / 14

He said to me, "Islamabad is capital of Pakistan."

5 / 14

You said to me, "A bird in hand is worth two in a bush."

6 / 14

He said to me, "Love is life."

7 / 14

You said to her, "Shaikh Hasina is prime minister of Bangladesh."

8 / 14

I said, "Modi is Indian leader."

9 / 14

I said to him, "Nile is longest reiver in the world."

10 / 14

You said to me, "Spring is fine season."

11 / 14

I said to them, "There are 365 days in a year."

12 / 14

He said, "Death is inevitable."

13 / 14

I said, "Two and two makes four."

14 / 14

He said, "Love begets love."

Your score is

The average score is 84%

0%

Pronoun Changes in reported speech

Rule 4 – Reporting and Reported Speech in Past Tense

If Reporting speech and reported speech both are in Past tense. While converting to indirect speech, Reported speech will be converted to Past Perfect Tense.

Here are few examples:

Solved Examples:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said, “He died of Cholera.” He said that he had died of Cholera.
He said to me, “I was not at home yesterday.” He told me that he had not been at home the previous day.
He said to me, “I did my work well.” He told me that he has done his work well.
He said to him, “Sir, I did not make any mistake.” He told him respectfully that he had not made any mistake.
Ali said to her, “You were wasting your time here.” Ali told her that she had been wasting her time there.
He said to them, “I taught her a lesson.” He told them that he had taught her a lesson.
I said to him, “My parents left for Makkah yesterday.” I told him that my parents had left for Makkah the previous day.
He said to Richard, “You did not do well.” He told Richard that he had not done well.
I said, “I helped him a lot.” I said that I had helped him a lot.
He said to him, “I was reading the Holy Quran.” He told him that he had been reading the Holy Quran.
He said, “I was deceived by him.” He said that he had been deceived by him.
He said to me, “You made me laugh.” He told me that I had made him laugh.
I said to him, “I didn’t understand you.” I told him that I hadn’t understood him.
You said, “I left this party on principles.” You said that you had left that party on principles.
I said to him, “You didn’t consider this option.” I told him that he had not considered that option.

Exercise 4

Let’s solve a exercise from Rule No. 4, we just learnt:

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Direct and Indirect Quiz 4 - Past

1 / 15

Mohan said, "I made a great mistake."

2 / 15

I said to him, "You did not take him easy."

3 / 15

He said to me, "My parents as well as yours left for Delhi."

4 / 15

He said, "I saw you in the market."

5 / 15

He said to me, "You began that Quarrel."

6 / 15

You said to him, "I played my card well."

7 / 15

She said, "I loved him in the past."

8 / 15

I said, "I took that chance with both hands."

9 / 15

"No Jospeh" Said they, "You did not lose the game yesterday."

10 / 15

They said, "We cut a big tree."

11 / 15

She said, "I did not go to school yesterday."

12 / 15

I said to him, "You did not help me."

13 / 15

I said to him, "You did not see eye to eye with me."

14 / 15

I said to him, "I plucked flowers."

15 / 15

You said, "I saved him from trouble."

Your score is

The average score is 80%

0%

Use of Direct Indirect Speech for different types of sentences

Study the following brief to understand the varying usage of direct indirect speech with all types of Sentences.

(1) Assertive Sentences

Those sentences that show a statement, affirmation or negation, are called assertive sentences

How to change Direct Indirect Speech for Assertive Sentences?
1. ‘Said’ in reporting verb is changed into ‘told’ when takes an objective pronoun with it, e.g. “said to me” into “told me”.

2. All other basic rules of changing direct speech into indirect speech.

Solved Examples:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
She said, “I am not coming to attend the wedding.” She said that she was not going to attend the wedding.
He said, “I have been watching my favorite movie.” He said that he had been watching his favorite movie.
I said, “I am looking for a job here. I said that I was looking for a job.
She said to me, “It is not a profitable business.” She told me that it was not a profitable business.

(2). Direct Indirect Speech Change for Imperative Sentences

When a sentence shows, command, order, request, advice, etc. and end with an exclamation mark, it is called an imperative sentence.

Basic Rules
1. The reporting verb ‘said’ is changed as per the nature of the sentence. i.e. into ordered, commanded, suggested, or advised, prohibited, requested, proposed, forbade, directed.

2. If the reported speech part has the word ‘please’ in the start, change it into requested or implored.

3. All other common rules of Conversion will be applicable.

Solved Examples:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said, “Please help me; I don’t want to leave this job.” He requested to help him as he didn’t want to leave that job.
The commander said, “March one, soldiers!” The commander ordered soldiers to march on.
The teacher said to the student, “Shut the books quickly.” The teacher ordered the student to shut the books quickly.
She said to the servant, “Clean the room again quickly.” She ordered the servant to clean the room again quickly.
Ali said to him, “Go away.” Ali directed him to go away.
He said to me, “Get out of my office.” He ordered me to get out of his office.
She said to me, “Work hard at your studies.” She advised me to work hard at my studies.
He said to me, “Be Punctual.” He suggested me to be punctual.
My father said to me, “Never tell a lie.” My father forbade to tell a lie (OR)

My father asked me not to tell a lie.

He said to Ali, “Don’t waste your time.” He prohibited Ali not to waste his time (OR)

He asked Ali not to waste his time.

He said to him, “Please help me.” He requested him to help him.
He said to them, “Let me go.” He asked them to let him go.
He said to me, “Let her do hard work.” He asked me to let her do hard work.
He said to us, “Let us play game.” He proposed us to play game.
He said to me, “leave this place at once.” He ordered me to leave that place at once.
I said to him, “Beware of him.” I advised him to beware of him.
I said to him, “Don’t miss the chance.” I asked him not to miss the chance.
He said to me, “Kindly turn over.” He requested me to turn over.
You said to me, “Let us enjoy.” You proposed to me that we should enjoy.

Exercise 5

Let’s solve an exercise from Imperative sentences, we just learnt:

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Direct Indirect Speech Quiz 5 - Imperative Sentences

1 / 15

I said to him, "Do not betray your friends."

2 / 15

He said to me, "Knock at this door again."

3 / 15

I said to her, "Please send a telegram to my father tomorrow."

4 / 15

The manager said to Peon, "Get out of my room."

5 / 15

I said to her, "Consult a lady doctor."

6 / 15

He said to his teacher, "Sir kindly excuse me now."

7 / 15

Mother said to me, "Never tell a lie."

8 / 15

I said to them, "Go on doing your duty."

9 / 15

He said to my father, "Please forgive me this time."

10 / 15

He said to us, "Be very sincere to your friends."

11 / 15

She said to us, "Keep quiet over here."

12 / 15

We said to them, "Go away from this place."

13 / 15

The minister said to the DPO, "Arrest all bad characters tonight."

14 / 15

She said to her brother, "Work very hard from today."

15 / 15

He said to me, "Try your luck again."

Your score is

The average score is 64%

0%

(3). Direct Indirect Speech For Interrogative Sentences

These are question sentences and end with question marks.

How to Make Direct & Indirect Speech of Interrogative Sentences?
1. Use ‘if or whether if the reported speech is starting with auxiliary verbs.

2. No change if reported speech starts with Wh words (what, where, when, why).

3. change the reporting verb ‘said’ into asked, questioned or inquired

4.Change reported verb from present to past or from past to past perfect.

Study the Examples Below
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
She said, “Do you know who am I?” She asked whether I knew who she was.
He said, “What is the street number of your house?” He asked what the street number of his house was.
Father said, “Do you still intend to leave your job?” Father said whether I still intended to leave my job.
She said, “Why are you crying here?” She asked why I was crying there.
The teacher said to the student, “Are you prepared for the test?” The teacher asked the student if he was prepared for the test.
He said to me, “Will you listen to the music?” He asked me if I would listen to the music.
He said to me, “Will you go to New York tomorrow?” He asked me if I would go to New York next day.
She said to me, “Have you loved anyone else?” She asked me if I had loved anyone else.
He said to me, “Can you speak English?” He asked me if I could speak English.
Ali said to her, “Were you aware of his love?”
Ali asked her if she had been aware of his love.
She said to me, “Have you rejected my proposal?” She asked me if I had rejected her proposal.
Tarique says to Khalida, “Do you love me?” Tarique asked Khalida if she loved him.
Ali says to him, “May I come again?” Ali asked him if he might come again.
I said, “Did I do this work?” I asked if I had done that work.
He said to me, “Do you want to learn?” He asked me if I wanted to learn.
I said to him, “Can I help you?” I asked him if I could help him.
You said to me, “Have you done your homework?” You asked me if I had done my homework.
I said to you, “Did you do him a favor?” I asked you if you had done him a favor.
He said to me, “Did you hurt her?” He asked me if I hurt her.

If question asked starts with words such as, what, when, where, Who etc. these word will remain there after converting to indirect speech. All other rules of coversion will be applied. (if/that will not be used to connect reporting speech with reported speech.) Here are few solved examples

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
I said to him, “When do you get up?” I asked him when he got up.
She said to me, “Where are you going now?” She asked me where I was going then.
He said to me, “What did you do?” He asked me what I did.
He said to Ali, “Why were you weeping yesterday?” He asked Ali why he had been weeping the previous day.
They said to me, “Who will visit your school tomorrow?” They asked me who would visit my school the next day.
He said to me, “How are you?” He asked me how I was.
He said to her, “Which is your pen?” He asked her which her pen was.
He said to her, “What is your father?” He asked her what her father was.
She said to him, “When are you going for Hajj?” She asked him when he was going for Hajj.
I say to her, “What is your aim in life?” I ask her what her aim in life is.
He says to me, “Where were you yesterday?” He asks me where I was the previous day.
I said to him, “What did he want?” I asked him what he had wanted.
He said to him, “When will you come here?” He asked me when he would go there.
You said to me, “Who saw you there? You asked me who had seen me here.
I say to him, “Why are you late today?” I ask him why he is late that day.

Exercise 6 and 7

Let’s solve a exercise from Interrogative sentences, we just learnt:

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Direct Indirect Speech Quiz 6 & 7 - Interrogative Sentences

1 / 30

I said to him, "How do you feel now?"

2 / 30

He said to me, "What do you want to do?"

3 / 30

She said to him, "Were you weeping yesterday?"

4 / 30

We said to them, "Who will be visiting your factory tomorrow?"

5 / 30

I said to her, "Were you aware of situation?"

6 / 30

I said to him, "Is she working with you?"

7 / 30

He said to me, "Are you going to school now?

8 / 30

He said to him, "When will you call me?"

9 / 30

She said to me, "Are you sure of win?

10 / 30

He said to her, "Did you beat our servant yesterday?

11 / 30

She said to him, "Why were you weeping yesterday?"

12 / 30

He said to you, "Will you go to the cinema tonight?"

13 / 30

He said to me, "When can you do my work?"

14 / 30

I said to him, "Who will see you tomorrow?"

15 / 30

She said to me, "What is your name?"

16 / 30

I said to her, "Do you love me?"

17 / 30

He says to me, "Where are you these days?"

18 / 30

I said to him, "Will you let me down?"

19 / 30

I said to him, "Why are you laughing?"

20 / 30

I said to him, "When do you get up?"

21 / 30

He said to you, "Will you go to Dubai tomorrow?"

22 / 30

He said to me, "Did you see eye to eye with me?"

23 / 30

He said to me, "Has he left Congress?"

24 / 30

I said to him, "What did you eat yesterday?"

25 / 30

She said to me, "Where are you going now?"

26 / 30

He said to her, "Which books did you buy from this shop?"

27 / 30

I said to him, "Can you do me a favor?"

28 / 30

I said him, "Where do you live in that city?"

29 / 30

He said to him, "Did you loose your pen here?"

30 / 30

You said to him, "Have you broken my jug today?"

Your score is

The average score is 47%

0%

100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speechdirect indirect

(4). Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences

The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer of any wish, is called optative sentences. These sentences use the mark of exclamation at the end of the sentence.

What are the rules of reported speech for Optative Sentences?
1. Understand the sentence whether it shows prayer, hope or wish.

2. Omit the word ‘May’ or ‘Would that from the start of reported speech and replace said with ‘prayed’ and ‘wished’, respectively.

3. Replace mark of Exclamation with a full stop.

Study the Examples Below
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
The beggar said, “May God, you be lucky today.” The beggar prayed that I might be lucky that day.
He said, “Would that! father had not listened to his call.” He wished that his father had not listened to his call.
She said, “O that! a single last chance to meet my son.” She wished for a single last chance to meet her son.
The teacher said, “May God bless you a success.” The teacher prayed that God might bless me for success.
She said, “May you succeed in every walk of life.” She prayed that I might succeed in every walk of life
She said, “May you live long.” He prayed that I might live long.
He said, “May God bless you.” He prayed that God might bless me.
They said, “May God shower his favors upon you.” They prayed that God might shower his favors upon me.
He said, “May you be successful in the examination.” He prayed that I might be successful in examination.
She said to me, “Would that your father were here today.” She wished that my father had been there that day.
He said to me, “Would that you were a cricketer.” He wished that I had been a cricketer.
The captain said, “Would that my team had won the match.” The captain wished that his team had won the match.
He said, “Would that I were rich.” He wished that he had been rich.
He said, “Would that I was born in United States.” He wished that he had been born in United States.
I said to him, “May God save you from every trouble.” I prayed for him that God might save him from every trouble.
He said to me, “O that you were not a deceit!” He wished to me that I had not been a deceit.
You said to me, “May you succeed in every walk of life.” You prayed for me that I might succeed in every walk of life.
I said, “O that he were not a liar.” I wished that he had not been a liar.
He said, “Would that I were a singer.” He wished that he had been a singer.

Exercise 8

Let’s solve a exercise from Optative sentences, we just learnt:

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Direct Indirect Speech Quiz 8 - Optative Sentences

1 / 15

She said, "May it not rain today."

2 / 15

Mother said to me, "Would that your father was here today."

3 / 15

She said, "May my son pass the examination this year."

4 / 15

"May we reach Makkah very soon." said they.

5 / 15

May our examinations be postponed, "Said the boys"

6 / 15

They said, "May we do this paper to our satisfaction."

7 / 15

The teacher said to students, "Would that I were on leave today."

8 / 15

We said, "May the police arrest thieves."

9 / 15

People said, "Would that Mahatma Gandhi were alive these days to see our plight."

10 / 15

He said, "May I catch that train today."

11 / 15

He said, "O that I were a doctor."

12 / 15

The captain said, "Would that my team had won."

13 / 15

They said, "Would that we had not failed to see this magic show."

14 / 15

He said to them, "May you catch the train today."

15 / 15

The hunter said, "Would that he had shot down many birds today."

Your score is

The average score is 43%

0%

(5). Exclamatory Sentences

Those sentences that express sorrow, wonder, joy are called exclamatory sentences. They take an interjection as Alas, hurrah, wow, etc. with them and take a mark of exclamation.

Rules For Exclamatory Sentences
1. Understand the sentence, whether it shows joy, grief, or wonder.

2. Omit the interjection.

3. Replace the reporting verb ‘said’ with suitable word showing wonder, grief or joy (exclaimed with joy/wonder/grief)

Study the Examples Below
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said, “Alas! I left a perfect job.” He exclaimed with sorrow that he left a perfect job.
She said, “Hurrah! My brother has got the first position in the Exam. She exclaimed with joy that her brother had got the first position in the Exam.
He said, “Bravo! the captain did a wonderful batting.” He applauded the captain and said that he had done a wonderful batting.
Mother said, “Aha! I have lost my only son.” Mother exclaimed with sorrow that she had lost her only son.
He said, “Hurrah! We won the match.” He exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.
He said, “Oh! He has returned.” He exclaimed with joy that he had returned.
He said, “Alas! He has died.” He exclaimed with grief that he had died.
He said, “Pooh! Grapes are sour.” He exclaimed with hate that grapes were sour.
He said, “How clever he is!” He exclaimed with surprise that he was clever.
He said, “Bravo! You have done well.” He exclaimed with praise that I had done very well.
He said, “What a mistake you have made!” He exclaimed with surprise that I had made a great mistake.
He said, “How foolish you have been!”
He exclaimed with surprise that I had been very foolish.
He said, “What a beautiful girl she is!” He exclaimed with praise that she was very beautiful girl.
He said, “How lucky you are!” He exclaimed with wonder that I was very lucky
I said to him, “How liar you are!” I exclaimed by saying to him that he was very liar.
He said to me, “Alas! I am defeated.” He exclaimed with sorrow by saying to me that he was defeated.
He said to me, “What a joke it was!” He exclaimed with wonder by saying to me that it was a great joke.
He said, “Oh! he has won.” He exclaimed with joy that he had won.
I said, “What a lovely girl she is!” He praised that she was very lovely girl.

Exercise 9

Let’s solve a exercise from Exclamatory sentences, we just learnt:

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Direct Indirect Speech Quiz 9 - Exclamatory Sentences

1 / 15

She said, "Aha! my father is taking me to Philippines tomorrow."

2 / 15

They said, "Alas! we have been ruined."

3 / 15

She said to her sister, "How lucky you are to win this prize."

4 / 15

I said, "How foolish I have been!"

5 / 15

They said, "How a big fool we have to deal with!"

6 / 15

He said, "Ha! My brother was been run over by a Tonga."

7 / 15

They said to us, "Hurrah! we have defeated your team in this match."

8 / 15

He said, "Alas! my brother has met with an accident."

9 / 15

We said, "How old this woman is!"

10 / 15

They said, "How foolish this girl is!"

11 / 15

She said to you, "Ha! you have failed in science by two marks only."

12 / 15

You said to him, "What a strange story you are telling us today!"

13 / 15

He said, "What a beautiful horse I have bought!"

14 / 15

They said, "How sweet these mangoes are!"

15 / 15

He said, "How fast this old man is running!"

Your score is

The average score is 58%

0%

Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is direct and indirect speech?

Direct and Indirect Speeches are two different type of form of speech.

Direct Speech is the form of speech where you can describe the exact statement of a person in his own words.

Indirect speech is a form of speech where a person describes his experience of some certain event, situation or refers to a person in his own words.

What is a direct speech and examples?

50 examples of direct and indirect speech


11 thoughts on “Direct and Indirect Speech”

  1. This website is really helping me to learn direct and indirect speech.
    Keep it up, keep sharing best learning articles

    Regards
    Raja Shada

    Reply

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